Chinese historians believe the art and science of herbology officially began in 2975 B.C., when Shen Nong compiled "The Divine Farmer's Almanac" or Shen Nong Bencao, which describes the therapeutic effects of 365 herbs. Observations of early forest-dwelling herbalist hermits living among China's 5 sacred mountains led to a philosophy on health maintenance within the natural milieu. These insights eventually formed the basic tenets of Taoism, which Lao Tzu drew from when he wrote the Tao Te Ching (the way of life) in the year 500 B.C.
Since those early days, Taoist health philosophy evolved to incorporate the most sophisticated system of herbology ever devised in Human history. During this time, the precepts of the "Three Treasures" evolved. These represent the three primary components of life; Jing - the body's physical mass, and its capacity to reproduce; Chi - the flame of metabolism and evolution; and Shen - the spirit and the lessons learned. Understanding this Taoist health philosophy can offer deep insights into health and energy.