Astrology is the study of how celestial bodies influence life on Earth. The motions of the Sun, the Moon and the planets are all taken into consideration in order to understand how the physical events on Earth play out. Early astrologers watched the skies to make predictions about agriculture: when to plant crops, when to harvest and so on. It soon became obvious to them that there were links between human experience and astrological events. Thus, even from the very beginnings of astrology, it was used to assist in medicine; to understand the workings of the human body and to determine which treatments would be most effective for the injured and the unwell.
Hippocrates, the Ancient Greek physician who is regarded today as the father of modern medicine and who is the originator of the Hippocratic oath which all medical doctors must pledge, was a great proponent and practitioner of astrology. According to Hippocrates, a physician without knowledge of astrology should “call himself a fool rather than a physician.” Hippocrates lived in the years 460-377 BC, but medical astrology is much more ancient than that, dating back to the Babylonian priests of 2000 BC.
Although medical astrology is not as respected today as it was during ancient times, it may be regarded as an essential part of the western medical tradition. It is analogous to the mystical elements of traditional Chinese medicine.
The main purpose of medical astrology is to judge by the position of the cosmic bodies the nature of illnesses that are in effect. For instance, a medical astrologer will make determinations about the severity of a particular disease, the duration of the disease, the probable resolution of the disease and the methods that should be employed to treat the disease.
A medical astrology will construct the patient’s birth chart and compare it to the current position of the zodiac and the planets. He or she will also make use of horary astrology, where the chart is based on the time that the patient has fallen ill. Horary charts are often refered to has decumbiture charts; the word decumbiture meaning “lying in”.
In astrology, the sky is devided into 12 equal parts, each corresponding to a zodiac sign. These signs are, Aries, Taurus, Gemini, Cancer, Leo, Virgo, Libra, Scorpio, Sagittarius, Capricorn, Aquarius and Pisces.
Each of the signs of the zodiac are associated with parts of the body. Aries, being the first sign of the zodiac, relates to the head, face and brain. Pisces, the last sign, is associated with the feet and toes. The intervening signs thus move down through all the parts of the body. Taurus relates to the throat, neck and thyroid gland. Cancer, chest, breasts and stomach. Leo, the heart, spine and upper back. Virgo relates to the digestive system, intestines and spleen. Libra, the kidneys, skin and lower back. Scorpio the reproductive system, bowels. Saggitarius, hips, thighs and liver. Capricorn, knees, joints, skeleton. Aquarius, the ankles calves and circulatory system.
A medical astrologer may determine that a person with many planets in the sign of Leo is likely to suffer from heart problems. Another person, with a large number of planets in the sign of Libra, may be likely to suffer from pain in the lower back.