In contrast to clinical counseling, but rooted in the Jungian school of thought, this approach relies more on lessons taught to us by the spiritual archetypes of ancient and modern history such as the Christ, the Buddha, Lao Tsu, Rumi, Tolle, Hawkins, Osho, Seamus, and Choa Kok Sui. Additionally, this modality employs texts from antiquity, largely focusing on Gnostic codices from Nag Hammadi Library, Buddhism's Noble 8-fold Path, and the Tao Te Ching.
Whereas typical therapy lends more time to the patient's relaying of experiences to usher in a "breakthrough," philosophical counseling stresses a more teacher-to-student approach because it is the counselor, or "teacher," that has something to offer, based in the belief that all patients, (aka "students") ultimately suffer from the same spiritual affliction: the unchecked Ego. How this affliction differs from patient to patient is manifested in their "story," or the reasons why one would seek therapy in general.
This approach precludes any narcotic medication or invasive surgery prescriptions, so any mental illnesses based in chemical imbalances, such as schizophrenia for instance, should seek clinical services.