Medical massage employs a relaxed hand technique referred to as the "soft hand". This allows deep tissue penetration without causing discomfort or exacerbating the patient's condition. This system of massage therapy recognizes that the joint complex and soft tissue structures, especially ligaments, are the primary sites of chronic pain and dysfunction.
Medical massage is applied as manual therapy to the specific area and the primary pathology of the patient's chief complaint. It is delivered to an anatomical region based on soft tissue and joint findings after diagnostic palpation. It involves several progressive stages of treatment which attempt to correct abnormal conditions affecting the joint complex.